Northern Technologies International Corporation
NORTHERN TECHNOLOGIES INTERNATIONAL CORP (Form: 10-Q, Received: 07/11/2016 09:03:42)

 

 

UNITED STATES

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

______________________________

 

FORM 10-Q

 

(Mark one)

☒  QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the quarterly period ended May 31, 2016

 

☐  TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

 

For the transition period from ________________ to __________________.

 

Commission File Number: 001-11038

____________________

 

NORTHERN TECHNOLOGIES INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

 

Delaware 41-0857886
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization) (I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

 

4201 Woodland Road

P.O. Box 69

Circle Pines, Minnesota 55014

(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip code)

 

(763) 225-6600
(Registrant’s telephone number including area code)

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days. YES ☒   NO

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files). YES ☒  NO

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.

 

Large accelerated filer Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer (Do not check if a smaller reporting company) Smaller reporting company

 

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). YES ☐  NO

 

As of July 8, 2016, there were 4,537,116 shares of common stock of the registrant outstanding.

 

 

 

 

 

NORTHERN TECHNOLOGIES INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION

FORM 10-Q

May 31, 2016

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

Description Page
   
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
     
Item 1. Financial Statements  
     
  Consolidated Balance Sheets as of May 31, 2016 (unaudited) and August 31, 2015 3

 

  Consolidated Statements of Operations (unaudited) for the Three and Nine Months
Ended May 31, 2016 and 2015 4
     
  Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income (unaudited) for the Three and 
Nine Months Ended May 31, 2016 and 2015 5
     
  Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (unaudited) for the Nine Months Ended 
May 31, 2016 and 2015 6
     
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements (unaudited) 7-17
     
Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results
  of Operations 18-31
     
Item 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures about Market Risk 31
     
Item 4. Controls and Procedures 32
     
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION  
     
Item 1. Legal Proceedings 33
     
Item 1A. Risk Factors 33
     
Item 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds 33–34
     
Item 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities 34
     
Item 4. Mine Safety Disclosures 34
     
Item 5. Other Information 34
     
Item 6. Exhibits 34
     
SIGNATURE PAGE 35
     
EXHIBIT INDEX  36

_________________

 

This quarterly report on Form 10-Q contains certain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and are subject to the safe harbor created by those sections. For more information, see “Part I. Financial Information – Item 2.  Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Forward-Looking Statements.”

 

1
 

_________________

 

As used in this report, references to “NTIC,” the “Company,” “we,” “our” or “us,” unless the context otherwise requires, refer to Northern Technologies International Corporation and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, NTIC (Shanghai) Co., Ltd., NTI Facilities, Inc. and Northern Technologies Holding Company, LLC, and its majority-owned subsidiaries, Zerust Prevenção de Corrosão S.A., NTI Asean LLC and Natur-Tec India Private Limited, all of which are consolidated on NTIC’s consolidated financial statements.

 

NTIC’s consolidated financial statements do not include the accounts of any of its joint ventures. Except as otherwise indicated, references in this report to NTIC’s joint ventures do not include: (1) NTIC’s majority-owned Brazilian subsidiary, Zerust Prevenção de Corrosão S.A.; (2) NTIC’s majority-owned subsidiary, NTI Asean LLC, which is a holding company that holds investments in eight entities that operate in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) region, including the following countries: China (although the joint venture agreements for the Chinese joint venture were terminated as of December 31, 2014 and liquidation of this joint venture is anticipated), Indonesia, Korea, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan and Thailand; or (3) NTIC’s majority-owned subsidiary, Natur-Tec India Private Limited, in India.

 

As used in this report, references to “Zerust Brazil” refer to NTIC’s majority-owned Brazilian subsidiary, Zerust Prevenção de Corrosão S.A.

 

As used in this report, references to “NTI Asean” refer to NTIC’s majority-owned holding company subsidiary, NTI Asean LLC.

 

As used in this report, references to “Natur-Tec India” refer to NTIC’s majority-owned subsidiary in India, Natur-Tec India Private Limited.

 

As used in this report, references to “EXCOR” refer to NTIC’s joint venture in Germany, Excor Korrosionsschutz – Technologien und Produkte GmbH.

 

As used in this report, references to “NTIC China” refer to NTIC’s wholly-owned subsidiary in China, NTIC (Shanghai) Co., Ltd.

 

As used in this report, references to “Tianjin Zerust” refer to NTIC’s former joint venture in China, Tianjin-Zerust Anticorrosion Co., Ltd.

 

All trademarks, trade names or service marks referred to in this report are the property of their respective owners.

 

 

 

2
 

PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

 

NORTHERN TECHNOLOGIES INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS AS OF MAY 31, 2016 (UNAUDITED)

AND AUGUST 31, 2015 (AUDITED)

    May 31, 2016   August 31, 2015
ASSETS                
CURRENT ASSETS:                
Cash and cash equivalents   $ 4,626,538     $ 2,623,981  
Available for sale securities     2,239,792       2,027,441  
Receivables:                
Trade excluding joint ventures, less allowance for doubtful accounts of $40,000 at May 31, 2016 and August 31, 2015     4,573,671       4,027,167  
Trade joint ventures     718,899       645,377  
Fees for services provided to joint ventures     1,351,593       1,449,162  
Income taxes     510,288       198,462  
Inventories     7,411,006       7,468,441  
Prepaid expenses     489,946       411,473  
Deferred income taxes     424,108       424,108  
Total current assets     22,345,841       19,275,612  
                 
PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT, NET     7,298,036       7,293,163  
                 
OTHER ASSETS:                
Investments in joint ventures     18,604,871       20,544,238  
Investments at carrying value (Note 7)     1,883,668       1,883,668  
Deferred income taxes     1,175,170       1,176,012  
Patents and trademarks, net     1,264,780       1,262,219  
Other     199,216       130,736  
Total other assets     23,127,705       24,996,873  
Total assets   $ 52,771,582     $ 51,565,648  
                 
LIABILITIES AND EQUITY                
CURRENT LIABILITIES:                
Accounts payable   $ 2,769,347     $ 2,101,175  
Accrued liabilities:                
Payroll and related benefits     819,302       1,056,257  
Other     364,405       514,409  
Total current liabilities     3,953,054       3,671,841  
                 
COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES (Note 13)                
                 
EQUITY:                
Preferred stock, no par value; authorized 10,000 shares; none issued and outstanding            
Common stock, $0.02 par value per share; authorized 10,000,000 shares; issued and outstanding 4,537,116 and 4,539,045, respectively     90,742       90,781  
Additional paid-in capital     13,738,062       13,441,264  
Retained earnings     35,098,104       34,522,871  
Accumulated other comprehensive loss     (3,239,074 )     (3,180,811 )
Stockholders’ equity     45,687,834       44,874,105  
Non-controlling interest     3,130,694       3,019,702  
Total equity     48,818,528       47,893,807  
Total liabilities and equity   $ 52,771,582     $ 51,565,648  

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

3
 

NORTHERN TECHNOLOGIES INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS (UNAUDITED)

FOR THE THREE AND NINE MONTHS ENDED MAY 31, 2016 AND 2015

 

    Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended
    May 31, 2016   May 31, 2015   May 31, 2016   May 31, 2015
NET SALES:                                
Net sales, excluding joint ventures   $ 7,925,357     $ 7,553,957     $ 21,454,381     $ 20,030,491  
Net sales, to joint ventures     761,218       723,618       1,961,565       2,189,888  
Total net sales     8,686,575       8,277,575       23,415,946       22,220,379  
Cost of goods sold     5,777,249       5,595,207       15,920,896       15,059,558  
Gross profit     2,909,326       2,682,368       7,495,050       7,160,821  
                                 
JOINT VENTURE OPERATIONS:                                
Equity in income of joint ventures     1,664,464       1,724,915       3,600,884       4,806,247  
Fees for services provided to joint ventures     1,351,913       1,303,964       3,808,384       4,432,494  
Total joint venture operations     3,016,377       3,028,879       7,409,268       9,238,741  
                                 
OPERATING EXPENSES:                                
Selling expenses     1,507,200       1,434,627       4,507,716       4,168,955  
General and administrative expenses     1,691,077       1,703,083       5,057,777       4,794,206  
Expenses incurred in support of joint ventures     266,791       327,586       881,255       1,510,830  
Research and development expenses     1,231,950       1,064,710       3,349,572       2,968,879  
Total operating expenses     4,697,018       4,530,006       13,796,320       13,442,870  
                                 
OPERATING INCOME     1,228,685       1,181,241       1,107,998       2,956,692  
                                 
INTEREST INCOME     29,868       7,943       58,425       25,504  
INTEREST EXPENSE     (15,465 )     (6,004 )     (30,987 )     (14,232 )
OTHER INCOME     6,294             7,255       2,145  
                                 
INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAX EXPENSE     1,249,382       1,183,180       1,142,691       2,970,109  
                                 
INCOME TAX EXPENSE     225,395       114,180       262,359       495,478  
                                 
NET INCOME     1,023,987       1,069,000       880,332       2,474,631  
                                 
NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO NON-CONTROLLING INTERESTS     106,614       163,565       305,099       689,575  
                                 
NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO NTIC   $ 917,373     $ 905,435     $ 575,233     $ 1,785,056  
                                 
NET INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO NTIC PER COMMON SHARE:                                
Basic   $ 0.20     $ 0.20     $ 0.13     $ 0.40  
Diluted   $ 0.20     $ 0.20     $ 0.13     $ 0.39  
                                 
WEIGHTED AVERAGE COMMON SHARES ASSUMED OUTSTANDING:                                
Basic     4,538,970       4,525,109       4,538,005       4,519,279  
Diluted     4,563,801       4,594,992       4,587,064       4,635,561  

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

4
 

NORTHERN TECHNOLOGIES INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (UNAUDITED)

FOR THE THREE AND NINE MONTHS ENDED MAY 31, 2016 AND 2015

 

 

    Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended
    May 31, 2016   May 31, 2015   May 31, 2016   May 31, 2015
NET INCOME   $ 1,023,987     $ 1,069,000     $ 880,332     $ 2,474,631  
OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS) – FOREIGN CURRENCY TRANSLATION ADJUSTMENT     432,360       (439,459 )     (52,370 )     (3,695,884 )
                                 
COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)     1,456,347       629,541       827,962       (1,221,253 )
COMPREHENSIVE INCOME ATTRIBUTABLE TO NON-CONTROLLING INTERESTS     124,840       130,133       310,992       372,690  
COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS) ATTRIBUTABLE TO NTIC   $ 1,331,507     $ 499,408     $ 516,970     $ (1,593,943 )

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

 

5
 

NORTHERN TECHNOLOGIES INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (UNAUDITED)

FOR THE NINE MONTHS ENDED MAY 31, 2016 AND 2015

  Nine Months Ended
  May 31,
2016
  May 31,
2015
CASH FLOWS FROM OPERATING ACTIVITIES:                
Net income   $ 880,332     $ 2,474,631  
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:                
Stock-based compensation     325,576       378,421  
Depreciation expense     482,576       385,126  
Amortization expense     89,275       65,747  
Loss on disposal of assets           20,689  
Equity in income from joint ventures     (3,600,884 )     (4,806,247 )
Dividends received from joint ventures     5,449,543       2,767,771  
Deferred income taxes           (27,558 )
Changes in current assets and liabilities:                
Receivables:                
Trade, excluding joint ventures     (570,647 )     (896,173 )
Trade, joint ventures     (73,522 )     324,338  
Fees for services provided to joint ventures     97,569       1,257,998  
Income taxes     (314,038 )     (217,055 )
Inventories     17,185       (887,748 )
Prepaid expenses and other     (58,518 )     (95,316 )
Accounts payable     692,741       82,550  
Income tax payable     (377 )     22,943  
Accrued liabilities     (363,514 )     (813,896 )
Net cash provided by operating activities     3,053,297       36,221  
                 
CASH FLOWS FROM INVESTING ACTIVITIES:                
Proceeds from the sale of available for sale securities           2,991,919  
Purchase of available for sale securities     (212,351 )      
Additions to property and equipment     (490,481 )     (1,098,035 )
Additions to patents     (91,836 )     (138,786 )
Net cash (used in) provided by investing activities     (794,668 )     1,755,098  
                 
CASH FLOWS FROM FINANCING ACTIVITIES:                
Dividend received by non-controlling interest     (200,000 )     (560,000 )
Repurchase of common stock     (97,450 )      
Proceeds from employee stock purchase plan     68,633       57,980  
Proceeds from exercise of stock options           99,450  
Net cash used in financing activities     (228,817 )     (402,570 )
                 
EFFECT OF EXCHANGE RATE CHANGES ON CASH:     (27,255 )     (72,195 )
                 
NET INCREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS     2,002,557       1,316,554  
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT BEGINNING OF PERIOD     2,623,981       2,477,017  
                 
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT END OF PERIOD   $ 4,626,538     $ 3,793,571  

 

See notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

6
 

NORTHERN TECHNOLOGIES INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION AND SUBSIDIARIES

NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)

 

1. INTERIM FINANCIAL INFORMATION

 

In the opinion of management, the accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements contain all necessary adjustments, which are of a normal recurring nature, and present fairly the consolidated financial position of Northern Technologies International Corporation and its subsidiaries (the Company) as of May 31, 2016 and August 31, 2015 and the results of their operations for the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016 and 2015 and their cash flows for the nine months ended May 31, 2016 and 2015, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (U.S. GAAP).

 

These consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and related notes contained in the Company’s annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended August 31, 2015. These consolidated financial statements also should be read in conjunction with the “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” section appearing in this report.

 

Operating results for the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the full fiscal year ending August 31, 2016.

 

The Company evaluates events occurring after the date of the consolidated financial statements requiring recording or disclosure in the consolidated financial statements.

 

2. Recently Issued Accounting PronouncementS

 

In May 2014, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Revenue from Contracts with Customers, Topic 606 (Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2014-09), which provides a framework for the recognition of revenue, with the objective that recognized revenues properly reflect amounts an entity is entitled to receive in exchange for goods and services. This guidance, which includes additional disclosure requirements regarding revenue, cash flows and obligations related to contracts with customers, was originally to be effective for the Company beginning in fiscal year 2018. In July 2015, the FASB confirmed a one-year deferral of the effective date of the new revenue standard which also allows early adoption as of the original effective date. The updated guidance will be effective for the Company’s first quarter of 2019. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting ASU 2014-09 on its consolidated financial statements, but believes there will be no material impact, if any.

 

In July 2015, the FASB issued ASU No. 2015-11, “ Inventory ”, which modifies the subsequent measurement of inventories recorded under a first-in-first-out or average cost method. Under the new standard, such inventories are required to be measured at the lower of cost and net realizable value. The new standard is effective for the Company’s fiscal year 2018, with prospective application. The Company does not expect the adoption of the provisions of ASU 2015-11 to have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

In November 2015, FASB issued ASU 2015-17,  Income Taxes (Topic 740) Balance Sheet Classification of Deferred Taxes  which requires that deferred tax assets and liabilities be classified as noncurrent in a classified balance sheet. The amendment takes effect for public entities for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2017, with early adoption available. The Company is currently assessing the impact that ASU 2015-17 will have on its consolidated financial statements.

 

During February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued Accounting Standards Update (ASU) No. 2016-02, “ Leases .” ASU No. 2016-02 was issued to increase transparency and comparability among organizations by recognizing all lease transactions (with terms in excess of 12 months) on the balance sheet as a lease liability and a right-of-use asset (as defined). ASU No. 2016-02 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2018, including interim periods within those fiscal years, with earlier application permitted. Upon adoption, the lessee will apply the new standard retrospectively to all periods presented or retrospectively using a cumulative effect adjustment in the year of adoption. The Company is currently assessing the effect that ASU No. 2016-02 will have on its consolidated financial statements.

 

7
 

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-07, “ Investments – Equity Method and Joint Ventures (Topic 323): Simplifying the Transition to the Equity Method of Accounting .” Among other things, the amendments in ASU 2016-07 eliminate the requirement that when an investment qualifies for use of the equity method as a result of an increase in the level of ownership interest or degree of influence, an investor must adjust the investment, results of operations, and retained earnings retroactively on a step-by-step basis as if the equity method had been in effect during all previous periods that the investment had been held. The amendments require that the equity method investor add the cost of acquiring the additional interest in the investee to the current basis of the investor’s previously held interest and adopt the equity method of accounting as of the date the investment becomes qualified for equity method accounting. Therefore, upon qualifying for the equity method of accounting, no retroactive adjustment of the investment is required. The amendments require that an entity that has an available-for-sale equity security that becomes qualified for the equity method of accounting recognize through earnings the unrealized holding gain or loss in accumulated other comprehensive income at the date the investment becomes qualified for use of the equity method. The amendments are effective for all entities for fiscal years, and interim periods within those fiscal years, beginning after December 15, 2016. The amendments should be applied prospectively upon their effective date to increases in the level of ownership interest or degree of influence that result in the adoption of the equity method. Early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently assessing the impact that ASU 2016-07 will have on its consolidated financial statements.

 

In March 2016, the FASB issued ASU 2016-09, Stock Compensation , which is intended to simplify several aspects of the accounting for share-based payment award transactions. The guidance will be effective for the fiscal year beginning after December 15, 2016, including interim periods within that year. The Company is in the process of evaluating the impacts of the adoption of this ASU.

 

Although there are several other new accounting pronouncements issued or proposed by the FASB, which the Company has adopted or will adopt, as applicable, the Company does not believe any of these accounting pronouncements has had or will have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position or operating results.

 

3. INVENTORIES

 

Inventories consisted of the following:

 

    May 31, 2016   August 31, 2015
Production materials   $ 1,337,225     $ 1,445,014  
Finished goods     6,073,781       6,023,427  
    $ 7,411,006     $ 7,468,441  

 

8
 

4. PROPERTY AND EQUIPMENT, NET

 

Property and equipment, net consisted of the following:

 

    May 31, 2016   August 31, 2015
Land   $ 310,365     $ 310,365  
Buildings and improvements     6,469,887       6,180,089  
Machinery and equipment     4,273,741       4,090,619  
      11,053,993       10,581,073  
Less accumulated depreciation     (3,755,957 )     (3,287,910 )
    $ 7,298,036     $ 7,293,163  

 

5. PATENTS AND TRADEMARKS, NET

 

Patents and trademarks, net consisted of the following:

 

    May 31, 2016   August 31, 2015
Patents and trademarks   $ 2,531,858     $ 2,440,022  
Less accumulated amortization     (1,267,078 )     (1,177,803 )
    $ 1,264,780     $ 1,262,219  

 

Patent and trademark costs are amortized over seven years. Costs incurred related to patents and trademarks are capitalized until filed and approved, at which time the amounts capitalized to date are amortized and any further costs, including maintenance costs, are expensed as incurred. Amortization expense is estimated to approximate $115,000 in each of the next five fiscal years.

 

6. INVESTMENTS IN JOINT VENTURES

 

The financial statements of the Company’s foreign joint ventures are initially prepared using the accounting principles accepted in the respective joint ventures’ countries of domicile. Amounts related to foreign joint ventures reported in the below tables and the accompanying consolidated financial statements have subsequently been adjusted to conform with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America in all material respects. All material profits recorded on sales from the Company to its joint ventures and from joint ventures to other joint ventures have been eliminated for financial reporting purposes.

 

Financial information from the audited and unaudited financial statements of the Company’s joint venture in Germany, Excor Korrosionsschutz – Technologien und Produkte GmbH (EXCOR) and all of the Company’s other joint ventures, are summarized as follows:

 

    May 31, 2016
    Total   EXCOR   All Other
Current assets   $ 47,930,421     $ 22,433,723     $ 25,496,698  
Total assets     51,389,757       24,189,092       27,200,665  
Current liabilities     13,952,018       4,602,925       9,349,093  
Noncurrent liabilities     103,392             103,392  
Joint ventures’ equity     37,334,348       19,586,166       17,748,182  
Northern Technologies International Corporation’s share of joint ventures’ equity     18,604,871       9,793,085       8,811,786  
Northern Technologies International Corporation’s share of joint ventures’ undistributed earnings   $ 15,892,135     $ 9,416,694     $ 6,475,441  

 

9
 

 

    August 31, 2015
    Total   EXCOR   All Other
Current assets   $ 49,295,116     $ 22,620,323     $ 26,674,793  
Total assets     52,853,938       24,606,880       28,247,058  
Current liabilities     12,288,383       3,360,142       8,928,241  
Noncurrent liabilities     1,215,139             1,215,139  
Joint ventures’ equity     39,350,417       21,246,738       18,103,679  
Northern Technologies International Corporation’s share of joint ventures’ equity     20,544,238       11,571,361       8,972,877  
Northern Technologies International Corporation’s share of joint ventures’ undistributed earnings   $ 18,483,377     $ 11,540,456     $ 6,942,921  

 

    Nine Months Ended May 31, 2016
    Total   EXCOR   All Other
Net sales   $ 66,223,514     $ 25,314,260     $ 40,909,254  
Gross profit     29,745,795       13,512,404       16,233,391  
Net income     7,188,274       5,409,407       1,778,867  
Northern Technologies International Corporation’s share of equity in income of joint ventures   $ 3,600,884     $ 2,714,905     $ 885,979  
                         

 

    Nine Months Ended May 31, 2015
    Total   EXCOR   Tianjin
Zerust
  All Other
Net sales   $ 75,974,770     $ 27,580,051     $ 3,735,457     $ 44,659,262  
Gross profit     37,469,186       15,113,100       1,783,673       20,572,413  
Net income     9,634,318       6,334,009       265,648       3,034,661  
Northern Technologies International Corporation’s share of equity in income of joint ventures   $ 4,806,247     $ 3,152,489     $ 132,824     $ 1,520,934  

 

On January 2, 2015, the Company announced that, effective as of December 31, 2014, the Company terminated its joint venture arrangement in China, Tianjin-Zerust Anticorrosion Co., Ltd. (Tianjin Zerust), and began the process of liquidating the joint venture entity. Since December 31, 2014, the Company has conducted business in China through a wholly-owned subsidiary, NTIC (Shanghai) Co. Ltd. (NTIC China). As of December 31, 2014, the Company started recognizing Tianjin Zerust based on its carrying value instead of the equity method since the Company no longer expects to significantly affect the joint venture’s operations or decision making. See Note 7.

 

The Company records expenses that are directly attributable to the joint ventures on its consolidated statements of operations in the line item “Expenses incurred in support of joint ventures.” The expenses include items such as employee compensation and benefit expenses, travel expense and consulting expense. See Note 13 regarding pending litigation involving Tianjin Zerust.

 

The Company did not make any joint venture investments during the nine months ended May 31, 2016 and 2015.

 

7. CHINA OPERATIONS

 

Effective December 31, 2014, the Company terminated its joint venture agreements with its previous joint venture in China, Tianjin Zerust, began the process of liquidating the joint venture entity, and commenced operations in China through a wholly-owned subsidiary, NTIC (Shanghai) Co. Ltd. on January 1, 2015. Effective December 31, 2014, the Company’s investment in Tianjin Zerust is reported at carrying value based on the Company’s decreased level of influence over the entity, and the Company has reclassified previously unrecognized gains on foreign currency translation from accumulated other comprehensive income. Any declines in the fair value are reflected as adjustments to the carrying value. No such adjustments were recorded during the nine months ended May 31, 2016.

 

10
 

Because of the lack of financial and other information received from Tianjin Zerust, it is possible that receipt of future financial and other information from Tianjin Zerust may impact the realization of the Company’s investment in and realization of a receivable from Tianjin Zerust. The last time the Company received financial information from Tianjin Zerust was through November 2014.  The Company, as of May 31, 2016, does not believe there are any triggering events that would require an impairment test.  The Company’s current net investment is approximately $1,130,200, which is 60% of its investment in Tianjin Zerust, which was $1,883,668 as of May 31, 2016.  The Company will continue to evaluate the realization of this asset on an ongoing basis and adjust if necessary.

 

The Company incurred expenses of $1,425,000 and $1,138,000 during the nine months ended May 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively, related to the termination of the joint venture agreement with Tianjin Zerust, the initiation of the liquidation of Tianjin Zerust, the formation and initial operation of NTIC China and the litigation in North America. Such expenses consisted primarily of legal expenses and personnel expenses associated with the establishment of the subsidiary and the hiring of new personnel. These expenses are recorded as operating expenses on the consolidated statements of operations and are partially offset by the gross margin contribution from sales of NTIC China.

 

See Note 13 regarding pending litigation involving Tianjin Zerust.

 

8. CORPORATE DEBT

 

The Company has a revolving line of credit with PNC Bank of $3,000,000. No amounts were outstanding under the line of credit as of both May 31, 2016 and August 31, 2015. At the option of the Company, outstanding advances under the line of credit bear interest at either (a) an annual rate based on LIBOR plus 2.15% for the applicable LIBOR interest period selected by the Company or (b) at the rate publicly announced by PNC Bank from time to time as its prime rate. Interest is payable in arrears (a) for the portion of advances bearing interest under the prime rate on the last day of each month during the term thereof and (b) for the portion of advances bearing interest under the LIBOR option on the last day of the respective LIBOR interest period selected for such advance. Any unpaid interest is payable on the maturity date. The revolving line of credit is secured by cash, receivables and inventory.

 

The line of credit is governed under a loan agreement. The loan agreement contains standard covenants, including affirmative financial covenants, such as the maintenance of a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio, and negative covenants, which, among other things, limit the incurrence of additional indebtedness, loans and equity investments, disposition of assets, mergers and consolidations and other matters customarily restricted in such agreements. Under the loan agreement, the Company is subject to a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio of 1.10:1.00. As of May 31, 2016, the Company was in compliance with all debt covenants.

 

On January 6, 2016, PNC Bank extended the maturity date of the line of credit from January 7, 2016 to January 7, 2017. All other terms of the line of credit and the loan agreement and other documents evidencing the line of credit remain the same.

 

11
 

9. STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

During the nine months ended May 31, 2016, the Company repurchased and retired 7,511 shares of its common stock. During the nine months ended May 31, 2015, the Company did not repurchase or retire any shares of its common stock.

 

The Company granted stock options under the Northern Technologies International Corporation Amended and Restated 2007 Stock Incentive Plan (the 2007 Plan) to purchase an aggregate of 53,447 shares of its common stock to various employees and directors during the nine months ended May 31, 2016. The weighted average per share exercise price of the stock options is $14.85, which is equal to the fair market value of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant.

 

During the nine months ended May 31, 2016, no stock options to purchase shares of common stock were exercised.

 

The Company granted stock options under the 2007 Plan to purchase an aggregate of 45,067 shares of its common stock to various employees and directors during the nine months ended May 31, 2015. The weighted average per share exercise price of the stock options is $20.10, which was equal to the fair market value of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant.

 

The following stock options to purchase shares of common stock were exercised during the nine months ended May 31, 2015:

 

Options Exercised Exercise Price
18,000 $7.65
2,333 $10.20

 

10. NET INCOME PER COMMON SHARE

 

Basic net income per common share is computed by dividing net income by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding. Diluted net income per share assumes the exercise of stock options using the treasury stock method, if dilutive.

 

The following is a reconciliation of the income per share computation:

 

    Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended
Numerators:   May 31, 2016   May 31, 2015   May 31, 2016   May 31, 2015
Net income attributable to NTIC   $ 917,373     $ 905,435     $ 575,233     $ 1,785,056  
                                 
Denominators:                                
Basic – weighted shares outstanding     4,538,970       4,525,109       4,538,005       4,519,279  
Weighted shares assumed upon exercise of stock options     24,831       69,883       49,059       116,282  
Diluted – weighted shares outstanding     4,563,801       4,594,992       4,587,064       4,635,561  
Basic income per share:   $ 0.20     $ 0.20     $ 0.13     $ 0.40  
Diluted income per share:   $ 0.20     $ 0.20     $ 0.13     $ 0.39  

 

The dilutive impact summarized above relates to the periods when the average market price of the Company’s common stock exceeded the exercise price of the potentially dilutive option securities granted. Income per share was based on the weighted average number of shares of common stock outstanding during the periods when computing the basic income per share. When dilutive, stock options are included as equivalents using the treasury stock market method when computing the diluted income per share.

 

12
 

Excluded from the computation of diluted income per share for the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016 were options outstanding to purchase 170,887 shares of common stock. Excluded from the computation of diluted income per share for the three and nine months ended May 31, 2015 were options outstanding to purchase 45,067 shares of common stock.

 

11. STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION

 

The Company has two stock-based compensation plans under which stock options and other stock-based awards have been granted, the Northern Technologies International Corporation Amended and Restated 2007 Stock Incentive Plan and the Northern Technologies International Corporation Employee Stock Purchase Plan (the ESPP). The Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors and the Board of Directors administer these plans.

 

The 2007 Plan provides for the grant of incentive stock options, non-statutory stock options, stock appreciation rights, restricted stock, stock unit awards, performance awards and stock bonuses to eligible recipients to enable the Company and its subsidiaries to attract and retain qualified individuals through opportunities for equity participation in the Company, and to reward those individuals who contribute to the achievement of the Company’s economic objectives. Subject to adjustment as provided in the 2007 Plan, up to a maximum of 800,000 shares of the Company’s common stock are issuable under the 2007 Plan. Options granted under the 2007 Plan generally have a term of ten years and become exercisable over a three- or four-year period beginning on the one-year anniversary of the date of grant. Options are granted at per share exercise prices equal to the market value of the Company’s common stock on the date of grant. The Company issues new shares upon the exercise of options. As of May 31, 2016, only stock options and stock bonuses had been granted under the 2007 Plan.

 

The maximum number of shares of common stock of the Company available for issuance under the ESPP is 100,000 shares, subject to adjustment as provided in the ESPP. The ESPP provides for six-month offering periods beginning on September 1 and March 1 of each year. The purchase price of the shares is 90% of the lower of the fair market value of common stock at the beginning or end of the offering period. This discount may not exceed the maximum discount rate permitted for plans of this type under Section 423 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended. The ESPP is compensatory for financial reporting purposes. The Company issued 2,439 and 1,948 shares on September 1, 2015 and 2014, respectively, under the ESPP. The Company issued 3,144 shares on March 1, 2016 under the ESPP.

 

The Company granted options to purchase an aggregate of 53,447 and 45,067 shares of its common stock during the nine months ended May 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively. The fair value of option grants is determined at date of grant, using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the assumptions listed below.  The Company recognized compensation expense of $325,576 and $378,421 during the nine months ended May 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively, related to the options that vested during such time period. As of May 31, 2016, the total compensation cost for nonvested options not yet recognized in the Company’s consolidated statements of operations was $341,261, net of estimated forfeitures. Stock-based compensation expense of $101,861 is expected through the remainder of fiscal year 2016, and $159,600 and $79,800 is expected to be recognized during fiscal 2017 and fiscal 2018, respectively, based on outstanding options as of May 31, 2016. Future option grants will impact the compensation expense recognized. Stock-based compensation expense is included in general and administrative expense on the consolidated statements of operations.

 

The Company currently estimates a ten percent forfeiture rate for stock options and continually reviews this estimate for future periods.

 

13
 

The fair value of each option grant is estimated on the grant date using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model with the following assumptions and results for the grants:

 

    Nine Months Ended
    May 31, 2016   May 31, 2015
Dividend yield     0.00 %     0.00 %
Expected volatility     46.0 %     46.6 %
Expected life of option (years)     10       10  
Average risk-free interest rate     1.63 %     1.63 %

 

The weighted average per share fair value of options granted during nine months ended May 31, 2016 and 2015 was $8.48 and $11.58, respectively. The weighted average remaining contractual life of the options outstanding as of May 31, 2016 and 2015 was 6.71 years and 6.56 years, respectively.

 

12. SEGMENT AND GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION

 

Segment Information

 

The Company’s chief operating decision maker is its Chief Executive Officer. The Company’s business is organized into two reportable segments: ZERUST® and Natur-Tec®. The Company has been selling its proprietary ZERUST® rust and corrosion inhibiting products and services to the automotive, electronics, electrical, mechanical, military and retail consumer markets for over 40 years, and more recently, has targeted and expanded into the oil and gas industry. The Company also sells a portfolio of bio-based and compostable (fully biodegradable) polymer resins and finished products under the Natur-Tec® brand.

 

The following table sets forth the Company’s net sales for the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016 and 2015 by segment:

 

    Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended
    May 31, 2016   May 31, 2015   May 31, 2016   May 31, 2015
ZERUST® net sales   $ 7,185,955     $ 7,076,760     $ 19,548,974     $ 19,098,816  
Natur-Tec® net sales     1,500,620       1,200,815       3,866,972       3,121,563  
Total net sales   $ 8,686,575     $ 8,277,575     $ 23,415,946     $ 22,220,379  

 

The following table sets forth the Company’s cost of goods sold for the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016 and 2015 by segment:

 

    Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended
    May 31,
2016
  % of Segment Sales*   May 31,
2015
  % of
Segment
Sales*
  May 31,
2016
  % of
Segment
Sales*
  May 31,
2015
  % of
Segment
Sales*
Direct cost of goods sold                                
ZERUST®   $ 4,028,114       56.1 %   $ 3,942,776       55.7 %   $ 10,968,742       56.1 %   $ 10,452,467       54.7 %
Natur-Tec®     1,119,730       74.6 %     889,976       74.1 %     2,938,927       76.0 %     2,391,599       76.6 %
Indirect cost of goods sold     629,405             762,455             2,013,227             2,215,492        
Total net cost of goods sold   $ 5,777,249             $ 5,595,207             $ 15,920,896             $ 15,059,558          

__________________________

* The percent of segment sales is calculated by dividing the direct cost of goods sold for each individual segment category by the net sales for each segment category.

 

The Company utilizes product net sales and direct and indirect cost of goods sold for each product in reviewing the financial performance of a product type. Further allocation of Company expenses or assets, aside from amounts presented in the tables above, is not utilized in evaluating product performance, nor does such allocation occur for internal financial reporting.

 

14
 

Geographic Information

 

Net sales by geographic location for the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016 and 2015 were as follows:

 

    Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended
    May 31, 2016   May 31, 2015   May 31, 2016   May 31, 2015
Inside the U.S.A. to unaffiliated customers   $ 5,559,885     $ 5,337,090     $ 14,762,170     $ 14,200,121  
Outside the U.S.A to:                                
Joint ventures in which the Company is a shareholder directly and indirectly     446,322       580,622       1,967,370       2,588,501  
Unaffiliated customers     2,680,368       2,359,863       6,686,406       5,431,757  
    $ 8,686,575     $ 8,277,575     $ 23,415,946     $ 22,220,379  

 

Net sales by geographic location are based on the location of the customer. Fees for services provided to joint ventures by geographic location as a percentage of total fees for services provided to joint ventures during the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016 and 2015 were as follows:

 

    Three Months Ended
    May 31,
2016
  % of Total Fees for Services Provided to Joint Ventures   May 31,
2015
  % of Total Fees for Services Provided to Joint Ventures
Germany   $ 242,158       17.9 %   $ 219,182       16.8 %
Poland     167,237       12.4 %     149,771       11.5 %
Japan     148,091       11.0 %     124,772       9.6 %
United Kingdom     135,068       10.0 %     93,229       7.2 %
Thailand     132,548       9.8 %     128,164       9.8 %
France     87,588       6.5 %     108,788       8.4 %
Korea     74,085       5.5 %     70,984       5.4 %
India     70,610       5.2 %     72,285       5.5 %
Sweden     66,239       4.9 %     103,234       7.9 %
Finland     55,876       4.1 %     74,711       5.7 %
Czech Republic     54,537       4.0 %     56,843       4.3 %
Other     117,876       8.7 %     102,001       7.8 %
    $ 1,351,913       100.0 %   $ 1,303,964       100.0 %

 

    Nine Months Ended
    May 31,
2016
  % of Total Fees for Services Provided to Joint Ventures   May 31,
2015
  % of Total Fees for Services Provided to Joint Ventures
Germany   $ 664,812       17.4 %   $ 660,135       14.9 %
Poland     452,260       11.8 %     437,607       9.9 %
Japan     416,241       10.9 %     409,316       9.2 %
Thailand     395,611       10.4 %     425,316       9.6 %
United Kingdom     292,216       7.7 %     304,600       6.9 %
France     250,373       6.6 %     318,686       7.2 %
Korea     247,730       6.5 %     133,405       3.0 %
India     223,137       5.9 %     215,548       4.9 %
Sweden     189,556       5.0 %     262,451       5.9 %
Finland     177,704       4.7 %     220,926       5.0 %
Czech Republic     176,470       4.6 %     165,492       3.7 %
China           0.0 %     516,139       11.6 %
Other     322,274       8.5 %     362,872       8.2 %
    $ 3,808,384       100.0 %   $ 4,432,494       100.0 %

 

15
 

Sales to the Company’s joint ventures are included in the foregoing segment and geographic information; however, sales by the Company’s joint ventures to other parties are not included. The foregoing segment and geographic information represents only sales and cost of goods sold recognized directly by the Company.

 

The geographical distribution of key financial statement data is as follows:

 

    May 31, 2016   August 31, 2015
Brazil   $ 64,050     $ 46,918  
India     13,664       16,402  
China     164,765       45,220  
United States     7,055,557       7,184,623  
Total long-lived assets   $ 7,298,036     $ 7,293,163  

 

    Nine Months Ended
    May 31, 2016   May 31, 2015
Brazil   $ 1,509,659     $ 2,103,589  
India     911,227       708,635  
China     2,473,733       442,262  
United States     18,521,327       18,965,893  
Total net sales   $ 23,415,946     $ 22,220,379  

 

Total long-lived assets located in Brazil, India and China primarily consist of property, plant and equipment. These assets are periodically reviewed to assure the net realizable value from the estimated future production based on forecasted sales exceeds the carrying value of the assets.

 

13. COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES

 

On August 18, 2015, the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors of the Company approved the material terms of an annual bonus plan for the Company’s executive officers as well as certain officers and employees for the fiscal year ending August 31, 2016. For fiscal 2016 as in past years, the total amount available under the bonus plan for all plan participants, including executive officers, is dependent upon the Company’s earnings before interest, taxes and other income, as adjusted to take into account amounts to be paid under the bonus plan and certain other adjustments (Adjusted EBITOI). Each plan participant’s percentage of the overall bonus pool is based upon the number of plan participants, the individual’s annual base salary and the individual’s position and level of responsibility within the company. In the case of each of the Company’s executive officer participants, 75% of the amount of their individual bonus payout will be determined based upon the Company’s actual Adjusted EBITOI for fiscal 2016 compared to a pre-established target Adjusted EBITOI for fiscal 2016 and 25% of the payout will be determined based upon such executive officer’s achievement of certain pre-established individual performance objectives. The payment of bonuses under the plan are discretionary and may be paid to executive officer participants in both cash and shares of the Company’s common stock, the exact amount and percentages will be determined by the Company’s Board of Directors, upon recommendation of the Compensation Committee, after the completion of the Company’s consolidated financial statements for fiscal 2016. There was $215,000 accrued for management bonuses for the nine months ended May 31, 2016 compared to an accrual of $466,000 for management bonuses for the nine months ended May 31, 2015.

 

Four joint ventures (consisting of the Company’s joint ventures in Korea, India, Thailand and Tianjin Zerust) accounted for 65.6% of the Company’s trade joint venture receivables at May 31, 2016 and accounted for 67.0% of the Company’s trade joint venture receivables at August 31, 2015.

 

16
 

On March 23, 2015, the Company and NTI Asean filed a lawsuit in Tianjin No 1 Intermediate People’s Court against two individuals, Meng Tao and Xu Hui, related to breaches of duties and contractual commitments owed to NTI Asean under certain agreements related to the Company’s former joint venture in China, Tianjin Zerust Anti-Corrosion Technologies Ltd. The lawsuit alleges, among other things, that Mr. Meng Tao and Xu Hui have engaged in self-dealing, usurped business opportunities, and received economic benefits that were required to go to Tianjin Zerust. As of May 31, 2016, the Company is not able to reasonably estimate the amount of any recovery to NTI Asean, if any.

 

On April 21, 2015, the Company and NTI Asean initiated a lawsuit in the District Court for the Second Judicial District, County of Ramsey, State of Minnesota against Cortec Corporation alleging, among other things, that Cortec Corporation aided and abetted breaches of duties and contractual commitments owed to the Company and NTI Asean related to the Company’s joint venture in China, Tianjin Zerust.

 

From time to time, the Company is subject to various other claims and legal actions in the ordinary course of its business. The Company records a liability in its consolidated financial statements for costs related to claims, including future legal costs, settlements and judgments, where the Company has assessed that a loss is probable and an amount could be reasonably estimated. If the reasonable estimate of a probable loss is a range, the Company records the most probable estimate of the loss or the minimum amount when no amount within the range is a better estimate than any other amount. The Company discloses a contingent liability even if the liability is not probable or the amount is not estimable, or both, if there is a reasonable possibility that material loss may be have been incurred. In the opinion of management, as of May 31, 2016, the amount of liability, if any, with respect to these matters, individually or in the aggregate, will not materially affect the Company’s consolidated results of operations, financial position or cash flows.

 

14. Fair Value Measurements

 

Assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis primarily relate to marketable equity securities. These items are marked-to-market at each reporting period.

 

The following tables provide information by level for assets and liabilities that are measured at fair value on a recurring basis:

 

        Fair Value Measurements
Using Inputs Considered as
    Fair Value as of
May 31, 2016
  Level 1   Level 2   Level 3
Available for sale securities   $ 2,239,792     $ 2,239,792     $     $  

 

        Fair Value Measurements
Using Inputs Considered as
    Fair Value as of
August 31, 2015
  Level 1   Level 2   Level 3
Available for sale securities   $ 2,027,441     $ 2,027,441     $     $  

 

 

There were no transfers between Level 1, Level 2, or Level 3 during the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016 and 2015.

 

17
 

ITEM 2. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

 

This Management’s Discussion and Analysis provides material historical and prospective disclosures intended to enable investors and other users to assess NTIC’s financial condition and results of operations. Statements that are not historical are forward-looking and involve risks and uncertainties discussed under the heading “ Part I. Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Forward-Looking Statements ” in this report and under “ Part 1. Item 1A. Risk Factors ” in our annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended August 31, 2015 and “ Part II. Item 1A. Risk Factors ” in this report. The following discussion of the results of the operations and financial condition of NTIC should be read in conjunction with NTIC’s consolidated financial statements and the related notes thereto included under the heading “ Part I. Item 1. Financial Statements .”

 

Business Overview

 

NTIC develops and markets proprietary environmentally beneficial products and services in over 60 countries either directly or via a network of subsidiaries, joint ventures, independent distributors and agents. NTIC’s primary business is corrosion prevention marketed mainly under the ZERUST® brand. NTIC has been selling its proprietary ZERUST® products and services to the automotive, electronics, electrical, mechanical, military and retail consumer markets for over 40 years, and in recent years, has targeted and expanded into the oil and gas industry. NTIC also markets and sells a portfolio of biobased and compostable (fully biodegradable) polymer resins and finished products under the Natur-Tec® brand. These products are intended to reduce NTIC’s customers’ carbon footprint and provide environmentally sound waste disposal options.

 

NTIC’s ZERUST® rust and corrosion inhibiting products include plastic and paper packaging, liquids and coatings, rust removers and cleaners, diffusers and engineered solutions designed specifically for the oil and gas industry. NTIC also offers worldwide on-site technical consulting for rust and corrosion prevention issues. NTIC’s technical service consultants work directly with the end users of NTIC’s ZERUST® rust and corrosion inhibiting products to analyze their specific needs and develop systems to meet their technical requirements. In North America, NTIC sells its ZERUST® corrosion prevention solutions through a direct sales force as well as a network of independent distributors and agents. Internationally, NTIC sells its ZERUST® corrosion prevention solutions through its wholly-owned subsidiary in China, NTIC (Shanghai) Co., Ltd. (NTIC China), its majority-owned joint venture holding company for NTIC’s joint venture investments in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) region, its majority-owned subsidiary in Brazil, Zerust Prevenção de Corrosão S.A. (Zerust Brazil), and joint venture arrangements in North America, Europe and Asia.

 

One of NTIC’s strategic initiatives is to expand into and penetrate other markets for its ZERUST® corrosion prevention solutions. Consequently, for the past several years, NTIC has focused its sales and marketing efforts on the oil and gas industry, as the infrastructure that supports that industry is typically constructed using metals that are highly susceptible to corrosion. NTIC believes that its ZERUST® corrosion prevention solutions will minimize maintenance downtime on critical oil and gas industry infrastructure, extend the life of such infrastructure and reduce the risk of environmental pollution due to corrosion leaks.

 

NTIC markets and sells its ZERUST® rust and corrosion prevention solutions to customers in the oil and gas industry across several countries either directly, through its subsidiaries or through its joint venture partners and other strategic partners. The sale of ZERUST® corrosion prevention solutions to customers in the oil and gas industry typically involves a long sales cycle, often including a one- to multi-year trial period with each customer and a slow integration process thereafter.

 

Natur-Tec® biobased and compostable plastics are manufactured using NTIC’s patented and/or proprietary technologies and are intended to replace conventional petroleum-based plastics. The Natur-Tec® biopolymer resin compound portfolio includes formulations that have been optimized for a variety of applications including blown-film extrusion, extrusion coating, injection molding, and engineered plastics. These resins are fully biodegradable in a composting environment and are currently being used to produce finished products including can liners, shopping and grocery bags, lawn and leaf bags, pet waste collection bags, cutlery, packaging foam and coated paper products. In North America, NTIC markets its Natur-Tec® resins and finished products primarily through a network of regional and national distributors as well as independent agents. NTIC continues to see significant opportunities for finished bioplastic products and, therefore, continues to strengthen and expand its North American distribution network for finished Natur-Tec® bioplastic products. Internationally, NTIC sells its Natur-Tec® resins and finished products both directly and through its majority- owned subsidiary in India, Natur-Tec India Private Limited (Natur-Tec India), and through certain joint ventures. In November 2014, NTIC entered into an agreement with NatureWorks LLC for joint marketing and sales of Ingeo® based packaging solutions to customers in India. With recent Indian government mandates banning use of non-biodegradable plastics in certain types of food and consumer packaging, NTIC expects the market in India for bioplastic packaging solutions to grow substantially.

 

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Termination of Chinese Joint Venture

 

On January 2, 2015, NTIC announced that, effective as of December 31, 2014, it is selling its ZERUST® products and services in China through a wholly-owned subsidiary, NTIC (Shanghai) Co., Ltd., and has terminated its joint venture agreements with Tianjin-Zerust Anticorrosion Co., Ltd. (Tianjin Zerust). NTIC and NTI Asean LLC have filed a lawsuit against Mr. Tao Meng, a Chinese national and the former joint venture entity’s other shareholder, and his spouse in the Chinese court of Tianjin, seeking, among other things, an orderly liquidation of Tianjin Zerust.

 

NTIC indirectly has a 30% ownership interest in Tianjin Zerust through its 60% owned holding company subsidiary, NTI Asean LLC. Commencing during the second quarter of fiscal 2015, NTIC’s consolidated financial statements include the financial results of NTIC China.

 

NTIC anticipates that it may take several quarters to transition many of the previous customers of Tianjin Zerust to NTIC China and no assurance can be provided that NTIC China will be able to achieve the net sales and income levels previously achieved by Tianjin Zerust. For fiscal 2014, Tianjin Zerust had net sales of $15.9 million and net income of $1.3 million. The operating income of the joint venture before paying royalties in an aggregate amount of $4.2 million to all shareholders was over $5.5 million; NTIC’s indirect ownership of Tianjin Zerust is 30%.

 

During fiscal 2015, NTIC incurred approximately $1,640,000 and during the first nine months of fiscal 2016, NTIC incurred approximately $1,425,000 in expenses related either directly or indirectly to the establishment and initial business operations of NTIC China, the termination of the joint venture agreements with Tianjin Zerust, its pending litigation against Mr. Tao Meng and his spouse and Cortec Corporation, and the anticipated liquidation of Tianjin Zerust. These expenses are recorded as selling, general and administrative expenses and expenses incurred in support of joint ventures on the consolidated statements of operations.

 

NTIC expects that its operating results may be volatile over the next few quarters as a result of NTIC’s Chinese operations.

 

NTIC’s Joint Venture Network

 

NTIC participates in 19 active joint venture arrangements in North America, Europe and Asia. Each of these joint ventures generally manufactures and markets products in the geographic territory to which it is assigned. While most of NTIC’s joint ventures exclusively sell rust and corrosion inhibiting products, some of the joint ventures also sell NTIC’s Natur-Tec® resin compounds. NTIC has historically funded its investments in joint ventures with cash generated from operations.

 

NTIC’s receipt of funds from its joint ventures is dependent upon fees for services that NTIC provides to its joint ventures, based primarily on the net sales of the individual joint ventures, and NTIC’s receipt of dividend distributions from the joint ventures. The fees for services provided to joint ventures are determined based on either a flat fee or a percentage of sales depending on local laws and tax regulations. With respect to NTIC’s joint venture in Germany (EXCOR), NTIC recognizes an agreed upon quarterly fee for such services. NTIC recognizes equity income from its joint ventures based on the overall profitability of its joint ventures. Such profitability is subject to variability from quarter to quarter which subjects NTIC’s earnings to variability from quarter to quarter. The profits of NTIC’s joint ventures are shared by the respective joint venture owners in accordance with their respective ownership percentages. NTIC typically directly or indirectly owns 50% or less of each of its joint venture entities and thus does not control the decisions of these entities regarding whether to pay dividends and, if paid, how much they should be in a given year. The payment of a dividend by an entity is determined by a joint vote of the owners and is not at the sole discretion of NTIC.

 

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NTIC accounts for the investments and financial results of its joint ventures in its financial statements utilizing the equity method of accounting.

 

The results of Zerust Brazil, NTI Asean and Natur-Tec India, and as of December 31, 2014, NTIC China, are fully consolidated in NTIC’s consolidated financial statements. NTIC holds 85% of the equity and 85% of the voting rights of Zerust Brazil. NTIC holds 60% of the equity and 60% of the voting rights of NTI Asean. NTI Asean holds investments in eight entities that operate in the following eight territories located in the ASEAN region: China (although liquidation was initiated December 31, 2014), Indonesia, South Korea, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Taiwan and Thailand. NTIC holds 90% of the equity and 90% of the voting rights of Natur-Tec India. NTIC China is a wholly-owned subsidiary of NTIC.

NTIC considers EXCOR to be individually significant to NTIC’s consolidated assets and income; and therefore, provides certain additional information regarding EXCOR in the notes to NTIC’s consolidated financial statements and in this section of this report.

 

Financial Overview

 

NTIC’s management, including its chief executive officer who is NTIC’s chief operating decision maker, reports and manages NTIC’s operations in two reportable business segments based on products sold, customer base and distribution center: ZERUST® products and services and Natur-Tec® products.

 

NTIC’s consolidated net sales increased 4.9% and 5.4% during the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016, respectively, compared to the three and nine months ended May 31, 2015. These increases were primarily a result of increased sales at NTIC China and increased sales of Natur-Tec® products, partially offset by decreased sales of Zerust industrial products. During the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016, 82.7% and 83.5% of NTIC’s consolidated net sales, respectively, were derived from sales of ZERUST® products and services, which increased 1.5% and 2.4% to $7,185,955 and $19,548,974 during the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016, respectively, compared to $7,076,760 and $19,098,816 during the three and nine months ended May 31, 2015, respectively, due to increased demand from new customers, primarily at NTIC China.

 

NTIC has focused its sales efforts of ZERUST® products and services by strategically targeting customers with specific corrosion issues in new market areas, including the oil and gas industry and other industrial sectors that offer sizable growth opportunities. NTIC’s consolidated net sales for the nine months ended May 31, 2016 included $1,229,426 of sales made to customers in the oil and gas industry compared to $1,382,423 for the nine months ended May 31, 2015. Overall demand for ZERUST® products and services depends heavily on the overall health of the markets in which NTIC sells its products, including the automotive, oil and gas, agriculture, and mining markets in particular. In addition, we believe demand for ZERUST® products and services in the oil and gas industry is dependent upon oil prices, with low oil prices causing existing or potential customers to delay purchases and installations.

 

During the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016, 17.3% and 16.5%, of NTIC’s consolidated net sales were derived from sales of Natur-Tec® products compared to 14.5% and 14.0% during the three and nine months ended May 31, 2015, respectively. Net sales of Natur-Tec® products increased 25.0% and 23.9% during the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016 compared to the three and nine months ended May 31, 2015, respectively. These increases were primarily due to increases in finished product sales in North America and finished product sales at NTIC’s majority owned subsidiary in India, Natur-Tec India Private Limited (Natur-Tec India).

 

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Cost of goods sold as a percentage of net sales decreased to 66.5% during the three months ended May 31, 2016 compared to 67.6% during the three months ended May 31, 2015 and increased to 68.0% during the nine months ended May 31, 2016 compared to 67.8% during the prior fiscal year period. These small variances were primarily as a result of small variances in raw material prices during the various periods and better margins on sales of Natur-Tec® products.

 

NTIC’s equity in income of joint ventures decreased 3.5% and 25.1% to $1,664,464 and $3,600,884, respectively, during the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016 compared to $1,724,915 and $4,806,247 during the three and nine months ended May 31, 2015. These decreases were primarily a result of decreases in profitability at the joint ventures, decreases associated with the anticipated liquidation of Tianjin Zerust and adverse effects of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations, including in particular the Euro compared to the U.S. dollar. Equity in income provided by Tianjin Zerust was $0 for the nine months ended May 31, 2016 compared to $132,824 for the nine months ended May 31, 2015.

 

NTIC recognized a 3.7% increase and a 14.1% decrease in fees for services provided to joint ventures during the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016, compared to the three and nine months ended May 31, 2015, respectively. The decrease for the nine-month period was primarily a result of the anticipated liquidation of Tianjin Zerust and a decrease in sales at the joint ventures. Fees for services provided to Tianjin Zerust were $0 for the nine months ended May 31, 2016 compared to $516,000 for the nine months ended May 31, 2015. Additionally, there was a decrease in sales at the joint ventures, which were $66,223,514 during the nine months ended May 31, 2016, compared to $75,974,770 for the nine months ended May 31, 2015. This decrease in the net sales of NTIC’s joint ventures was primarily the result of adverse effects of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations and weaker economic trends, especially in Europe. This decrease resulted in a corresponding decrease in fees for services provided to joint ventures as such fees are a function of net sales of NTIC’s joint ventures.

 

NTIC’s total operating expenses increased 3.6% and 2.6% to $4,697,018 and $13,796,320 during the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016 compared to the nine months ended May 31, 2015, respectively. This increase was primarily the result of the expenses related to the formation and establishment of NTIC China and the anticipated liquidation of Tianjin Zerust, partially offset by decreases in expenses in North America due to companywide cost cutting initiatives. Such expenses in China consisted primarily of legal and personnel expenses associated with the establishment of the subsidiary, the hiring of new personnel and initial operations.

 

NTIC expenses all costs related to product research and development as incurred. NTIC incurred $3,349,572 and $2,968,879 of expense during the nine months ended May 31, 2016 and 2015, respectively, in connection with its research and development activities. NTIC anticipates that it will spend between $4,000,000 and $4,400,000 in total during fiscal 2016 on research and development activities related to its new technologies.

 

Net income attributable to NTIC was $917,373, or $0.20 per diluted common share, for the three months ended May 31, 2016 compared to $905,435, or $0.20 per diluted common share, for the three months ended May 31, 2015. Net income attributable to NTIC decreased 67.8%, to $575,233, or $0.13 per diluted common share, for the nine months ended May 31, 2016 compared to $1,785,056 or $0.39 per diluted common share, for the nine months ended May 31, 2015.

 

NTIC anticipates that its quarterly net income will continue to remain subject to significant volatility primarily due to the financial performance of its subsidiaries and joint ventures and sales of its ZERUST® products and services into the oil and gas industry and Natur-Tec® bioplastics products, which sales fluctuate more on a quarterly basis than the traditional ZERUST® business. NTIC also anticipates that its operating results during the next few quarters will be particularly volatile as a result of the changes in its Chinese operations.

21
 

NTIC’s working capital was $18,392,783 at May 31, 2016, including $4,626,538 in cash and cash equivalents and $2,239,792 in available for sale securities, compared to $15,603,771 at August 31, 2015, including $2,623,981 in cash and cash equivalents and $2,027,441 in available for sale securities.

 

Results of Operations

 

The following tables set forth NTIC’s results of operations for the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016 and 2015.

 

    Three Months Ended
    May 31, 2016   % of
Net Sales
  May 31, 2015   % of
Net Sales
  $
Change
  %
Change
Net sales, excluding joint ventures   $ 7,925,357       91.2 %   $ 7,553,957       91.3 %   $ 371,400       4.9 %
Net sales, to joint ventures     761,218       8.8 %     723,618       8.7 %     37,600       5.2 %
Cost of goods sold     5,777,249       66.5 %     5,595,207       67.6 %     182,042       3.3 %
Equity in income of joint ventures     1,664,464       19.2 %     1,724,915       20.8 %     (60,451 )     (3.5 %)
Fees for services provided to joint ventures     1,351,913       15.6 %     1,303,964       15.8 %     47,949       3.7 %
Selling expenses     1,507,200       17.4 %     1,434,627       17.3 %     72,573       5.1 %
General and administrative expenses     1,691,077       19.5 %     1,703,083       20.6 %     (12,006 )     (0.7 %)
Expenses incurred in support of joint ventures     266,791       3.1 %     327,586       4.0 %     (60,795 )     (18.6 %)
Research and development expenses     1,231,950       14.2 %     1,064,710       12.9 %     167,240       15.7 %

 

    Nine Months Ended
    May 31, 2016   % of
Net Sales
  May 31, 2015   % of
Net Sales
  $
Change
  %
Change
Net sales, excluding joint ventures   $ 21,454,381       91.6 %   $ 20,030,491       90.1 %   $ 1,423,890       7.1 %
Net sales, to joint ventures     1,961,565       8.4 %     2,189,888       9.9 %     (228,323 )     (10.4 %)
Cost of goods sold     15,920,896       68.0 %     15,059,558       67.8 %     861,338       5.7 %
Equity in income of joint ventures     3,600,884       15.4 %     4,806,247       21.6 %     (1,205,363 )     (25.1 %)
Fees for services provided to joint ventures     3,808,384       16.3 %     4,432,494       19.9 %     (624,110 )     (14.1 %)
Selling expenses     4,507,716       19.3 %     4,168,955       18.8 %     338,761       8.1 %
General and administrative expenses     5,057,777       21.6 %     4,794,206       21.6 %     263,571       5.5 %
Expenses incurred in support of joint ventures     881,255       3.8 %     1,510,830       6.8 %     (629,575 )     (41.7 %)
Research and development expenses     3,349,572       14.3 %     2,968,879       13.4 %     380,693       12.8 %

 

Net Sales . NTIC’s consolidated net sales increased 4.9% and 5.4% to $8,686,575 and $23,415,946, respectively, during the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016 compared to the three and nine months ended May 31, 2015. NTIC’s consolidated net sales excluding NTIC’s joint ventures increased 4.9% and 7.1% to $7,925,357 and $21,454,381, respectively, during the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016 compared to the same respective prior fiscal year periods. These increases were primarily a result of increased demand and sales of ZERUST ® rust and corrosion inhibiting packaging products and services at NTIC China and Natur-Tec® products. Net sales to joint ventures increased 5.2% and decreased 10.4% to $761,218 and $1,961,565 during the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016, respectively, compared to the same respective prior fiscal year periods.

 

The following table sets forth NTIC’s net sales for the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016 and 2015 by segment:

 

    Three Months Ended   Nine Months Ended
    May 31, 2016   May 31, 2015   May 31, 2016   May 31, 2015
ZERUST® sales   $ 7,185,955     $ 7,076,760     $ 19,548,974     $ 19,098,816  
Natur-Tec® sales     1,500,620       1,200,815       3,866,972       3,121,563  
Total net sales   $ 8,686,575     $ 8,277,575     $ 23,415,946     $ 22,220,379  

 

During the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016, 82.7% and 83.5% of NTIC’s consolidated net sales, respectively, were derived from sales of ZERUST ® products and services, which increased 1.5% and 2.4% to $7,185,955 and $19,548,974 during the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016, respectively, compared to $7,076,760 and $19,098,816 during the three and nine months ended May 31, 2015, respectively. These increases were due to increased demand from existing customers and the addition of new customers, primarily at NTIC China. NTIC has strategically focused its sales efforts for ZERUST ® products and services on customers with sizeable corrosion problems in industry sectors that offer sizable growth opportunities, including the oil and gas sector. Overall demand for ZERUST ® products and services depends heavily on the overall health of the market segments to which NTIC sells its products, including the automotive, oil and gas, agriculture, and mining markets in particular. In addition, we believe demand for ZERUST® products and services in the oil and gas industry is dependent upon oil prices, with low oil prices causing existing or potential customers to delay purchases and installations.

 

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The following table sets forth NTIC’s net sales of ZERUST ® products for the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016 and 2015:

 

    Three Months Ended
    May 31,
2016
  May 31,
2015
  $
Change
  %
Change
ZERUST® industrial net sales   $ 6,018,276     $ 5,849,301     $ 168,975       2.9 %
ZERUST® joint venture net sales     655,823       723,618       (67,795 )     (9.4 %)
ZERUST® oil & gas net sales     511,856       503,841       8,015       1.6 %
Total ZERUST® net sales   $ 7,185,955     $ 7,076,760     $ 109,195       1.5 %

 

    Nine Months Ended
    May 31,
2016
  May 31,
2015
  $
Change
  %
Change
ZERUST® industrial net sales   $ 16,357,983     $ 15,526,505     $ 831,478       5.4 %
ZERUST® joint venture net sales     1,961,565       2,189,888       (228,323 )     (10.4 %)
ZERUST® oil & gas net sales     1,229,426       1,382,423       (152,997 )     (11.1 %)
Total ZERUST® net sales   $ 19,548,974     $ 19,098,816     $ 450,158       2.4 %

 

 

NTIC’s net sales to the oil and gas industry sector were up slightly for the three-month comparison and decreased for the nine-month comparison. NTIC anticipates that its sales of ZERUST® products and services into the oil and gas industry will continue to remain subject to significant volatility from quarter to quarter as sales are recognized.

 

During the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016, 17.3% and 16.5% of NTIC’s consolidated net sales, respectively, were derived from sales of Natur-Tec® products, which increased 25.0% and 23.9% to $1,500,620 and $3,866,972 during the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016, respectively, compared to the three and nine months ended May 31, 2015. These increases were due to increased demand from Natur-Tec customers in North America and India. Demand for Natur-Tec® products around the world depends primarily on market acceptance and the reach of NTIC’s distribution network. Because of the typical size of individual orders and overall size of NTIC’s net sales derived from sales of Natur-Tec® products, the timing of one or more orders could materially affect NTIC’s quarterly sales of Natur-Tec® products and the comparisons to prior fiscal year quarters.

 

Cost of Goods Sold . Cost of goods sold increased 3.3% and 5.7% for the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016, respectively, compared to the three and nine months ended May 31, 2015 primarily as a result of increased net sales as described above. Cost of goods sold as a percentage of net sales decreased to 66.5% during the three months ended May 31, 2016 compared to 67.6% during the three months ended May 31, 2015 and increased to 68.0% during the nine months ended May 31, 2016 compared to 67.8% during the nine months ended May 31, 2015. These changes in cost of goods sold as a percentage of net sales were primarily the result of changes in raw material costs and margins on sales of Natur-Tec® products.

 

Equity in Income of Joint Ventures. NTIC’s equity in income of joint ventures decreased 3.5% and 25.1% to $1,664,464 and $3,600,884 during the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016, respectively, compared to equity in income of joint ventures of $1,724,915 and $4,806,247 during the three and nine months ended May 31, 2015, respectively. These decreases were primarily a result of decreases in the profitability at the joint ventures, a decrease in profitability associated with the anticipated liquidation of Tianjin Zerust and adverse effects of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations, including in particular the Euro compared to the U.S. dollar. Equity in income provided by Tianjin Zerust was $0 for the nine months ended May 31, 2016 compared to $132,824 for the nine months ended May 31, 2015. Of the total equity in income of joint ventures, NTIC had equity in income of joint ventures of $2,714,905 attributable to EXCOR during the nine months ended May 31, 2016 compared to $3,152,489 attributable to EXCOR during the nine months ended May 31, 2015. NTIC had equity in income of all other joint ventures of $885,979 during the nine months ended May 31, 2016 compared to $1,520,934 during the nine months ended May 31, 2015.

 

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Fees for Services Provided to Joint Ventures. NTIC recognized fee income for services provided to joint ventures of $1,351,913 and $3,808,384 during the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016, respectively, compared to $1,303,964 and $4,432,494 during the three and nine months ended May 31, 2015, respectively, representing an increase of 3.7% and decrease of 14.1%, respectively. The decrease for the nine-month comparison was primarily a result of the anticipated liquidation Tianjin Zerust as fees for services provided to joint ventures from Tianjin Zerust were $0 for the nine months ended May 31, 2016 compared to $516,000 for the nine months ended May 31, 2015. Additionally, there was a decrease in total sales at all joint ventures for the nine-month comparison which adversely affected fees for services provided to joint ventures since fees for services provided to joint ventures are largely a function of the net sales of NTIC’s joint ventures. Total sales at all joint ventures were $24,223,090 and $66,223,514 during the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016, respectively, compared to $23,796,532 and $75,974,770 for the three and nine months ended May 31, 2015, respectively. Net sales of NTIC’s joint ventures decreased for the nine-month comparison due primarily to the adverse effects of foreign currency exchange rate fluctuations and weaker economic trends, especially in Europe. Net sales of NTIC’s European joint ventures were adversely affected by a downturn in European manufacturing. Future net sales of NTIC’s joint ventures, including in particular its European joint ventures, may be adversely affected by the recent referendum vote of the United Kingdom to exit the European Union. Sales of NTIC’s joint ventures are not included in NTIC’s product sales and are not combined with NTIC’s sales in NTIC’s consolidated financial statements or in any description of NTIC’s sales. Of the total fee income for services provided to joint ventures, fees of $664,812 were attributable to EXCOR during the nine months ended May 31, 2016 compared to $660,135 attributable to EXCOR during the nine months ended May 31, 2015.

 

Selling Expenses . NTIC’s selling expenses increased 5.1% and 8.1% for the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016, respectively, compared to the same respective periods in fiscal 2015 due to increases in compensation and employee benefits, lab testing related expenses, commission expenses, travel and related expenses, and consulting expenses, each due in part to NTIC’s Chinese operations. Selling expenses as a percentage of net sales increased to 17.4% and 19.3% for the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016, respectively, from 17.3% and 18.8% and during the three and nine months ended May 31, 2015, respectively. The increases in selling expenses as a percentage of net sales were due primarily to the increase in net sales partially offset by the increase in selling expenses as previously described.

 

General and Administrative Expenses . NTIC’s general and administrative expenses decreased 0.7% and increased 5.5% for the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016, respectively, compared to the same respective periods in fiscal 2015. NTIC implemented cost cutting measures companywide in the third quarter of fiscal year 2016, which partially offset the expenses incurred in connection with NTIC’s Chinese operations. As a percentage of net sales, general and administrative expenses decreased to 19.5% and remained unchanged at 21.6% for the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016, respectively, from 20.6% and 21.6% for the three and nine months ended May 31, 2015, respectively. The decrease in general and administrative expenses as a percentage of net sales for the three-month comparison was due primarily to the decrease in general and administrative expenses as previously described.

 

Expenses Incurred in Support of Joint Ventures. Expenses incurred in support of NTIC’s joint ventures were $266,791 and $881,255 during the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016, respectively, compared to $327,586 and $1,510,830 during the three and nine months ended May 31, 2015, respectively, representing decreases of 18.6% and 41.7%, respectively. These decreases were primarily due to expenses incurred by NTIC’s Chinese operations being classified as selling expenses and general and administrative expenses upon the formation of NTIC’s subsidiary in January 2015.

 

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Research and Development Expenses . NTIC’s research and development expenses increased 15.7% for the three months ended May 31, 2016 compared to the same period in fiscal 2015 and increased 12.8% for the nine months ended May 31, 2016 compared to the same period in fiscal 2015. These increases were due primarily to increases in personnel and consulting expenses.

 

Interest Income . NTIC’s interest income increased to $29,868 and $58,425 during the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016, respectively, compared to $7,943 and $25,504 during the three and nine months ended May 31, 2015, respectively.

 

Interest Expense . NTIC’s interest expense increased to $15,465 during the three months ended May 31, 2016 compared to $6,004 during the three months ended May 31, 2015 and increased to $30,987 during the nine months ended May 31, 2016 compared to $14,232 during the nine months ended May 31, 2015.

 

Income Before Income Tax Expense . NTIC incurred income before income tax expense of $1,249,382 and $1,142,691 for the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016, respectively, compared to $1,183,180 and $2,970,109 for the three and nine months ended May 31, 2015, respectively.

 

Income Tax Expense . Income tax expense was $225,395 and $262,359 during the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016, respectively, compared income tax expense of $114,180 and $495,478 during the three and nine months ended May 31, 2015, respectively. Income tax expense was calculated based on management’s estimate of NTIC’s annual effective income tax rate. NTIC’s annual effective income tax rate during the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016 and 2015 was lower than the statutory rate primarily due to NTIC’s equity in income of joint ventures being recognized based on after-tax earnings of these entities. To the extent undistributed earnings of NTIC’s joint ventures are distributed to NTIC, any material additional income tax liability after the application of foreign tax credits is not expected. NTIC records a tax valuation allowance when it is more likely than not that some portion or all of its deferred tax assets will not be realized to reduce deferred tax assets to the amount expected to be realized. NTIC determined based on all available evidence, including historical data and projections of future results, that it is more likely than not that all of its deferred tax assets, except for its foreign tax credit carryforwards and Minnesota state research and development credit carryforwards, will be fully realized. In addition, NTIC determined based upon all available evidence, including new IRS guidance, historical results, projected future taxable income and foreign tax credit utilization, that it was not more likely than not that the federal research and development credits would be utilized during the carryforward period and as a result, a valuation allowance was recorded against all of NTIC’s federal research and development credits. In addition, NTIC continues to believe that its deferred tax asset related to foreign tax credit carryforwards will not be realized due to insufficient federal taxable income within the carryforward period and the fact that for ordering purposes the foreign tax credit carryforwards are not allowed to be used until after any current year foreign tax credits are utilized.

 

NTIC considers the earnings of certain foreign joint ventures to be indefinitely invested outside the United States on the basis of estimates that NTIC’s future domestic cash generation will be sufficient to meet its future domestic cash needs. As a result, U.S. income and foreign withholding taxes have not been recognized on the cumulative undistributed earnings of $15,892,135 and $18,483,377 at May 31, 2016 and August 31, 2015, respectively. To the extent undistributed earnings of NTIC’s joint ventures are distributed in the future, they are not expected to result in any material additional income tax liability after the application of foreign tax credits.

 

Other Comprehensive (Loss) Income - Foreign Currency Translations Adjustment. The significant changes in the foreign currency translations adjustment were due to the strengthening of the U.S. dollar compared to the Euro and other foreign currencies during the three and nine months ended May 31, 2016 compared to the same respective periods in fiscal 2015.

 

25
 

Liquidity and Capital Resources

 

Sources of Cash and Working Capital . As of May 31, 2016, NTIC’s working capital was $18,392,783, including $4,626,538 in cash and cash equivalents and $2,239,792 in available for sale securities, compared to $15,603,771 at August 31, 2015, including $2,623,981 in cash and cash equivalents and $2,027,441 in available for sale securities.

 

As of May 31, 2016, NTIC had a revolving line of credit with PNC Bank of $3,000,000, with no amounts outstanding. The line of credit is evidenced by an amended and restated committed line of credit note in the principal amount of up to $3,000,000. The line of credit has a $1,200,000 standby letter of credit sub-facility, with any standby letters of credit issued thereunder being at the sole discretion of PNC Bank. The line of credit is subject to standard covenants, including affirmative financial covenants, such as the maintenance of a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio, and negative covenants, which, among other things, limit the incurrence of additional indebtedness, loans and equity investments, disposition of assets, mergers and consolidations and other matters customarily restricted in such agreements. Under the loan agreement, NTIC is subject to a minimum fixed charge coverage ratio of 1.10:1.00. As of May 31, 2016, NTIC was in compliance with all debt covenants. On January 6, 2016, PNC Bank extended the maturity date of the line of credit from January 7, 2016 to January 7, 2017. All other terms of the line of credit and the loan agreement and other documents evidencing the line of credit remain the same. It is anticipated that, as historically has been the practice, the line of credit will be renewed each year for one additional year for the immediate foreseeable future.

 

NTIC believes that a combination of its existing cash and cash equivalents, forecasted cash flows from future operations, anticipated distributions of earnings, anticipated fees to NTIC for services provided to its joint ventures, and funds available through existing or anticipated financing arrangements, will be adequate to fund its existing operations, investments in new or existing joint ventures or subsidiaries, capital expenditures, debt repayments and any stock repurchases for at least the next 12 months. During the remainder of fiscal 2016, NTIC expects to continue to invest its Chinese operations, research and development and in marketing efforts and resources into the application of its corrosion prevention technology into the oil and gas industry and its Natur-Tec® bio-plastics business. In order to take advantage of such new product and market opportunities to expand its business and increase its revenues, NTIC may decide to finance such opportunities by borrowing under its revolving line of credit or raising additional financing through the issuance of debt or equity securities. There is no assurance that any financing transaction will be available on terms acceptable to NTIC or at all, or that any financing transaction will not be dilutive to NTIC’s current stockholders.

 

NTIC traditionally has used the cash generated from its operations, distributions of earnings and fees for services provided to its joint ventures to fund NTIC’s new technology investments and capital contributions to new and existing subsidiaries and joint ventures. NTIC’s joint ventures traditionally have operated with little or no debt and have been self-financed with minimal initial capital investment and minimal additional capital investment from their respective owners. Therefore, NTIC believes it is not likely that there exists any exposure to debt by NTIC’s joint ventures that could materially impact their respective operations and/or liquidity.

 

Uses of Cash and Cash Flows . Net cash provided by operating activities during the nine months ended May 31, 2016 was $3,053,297, which resulted principally from dividends received from NTIC’s joint ventures, NTIC’s net income, the expensing of fair value of stock options vested, depreciation and amortization expense, and an increase in accounts payable, partially offset by equity income from NTIC’s joint ventures, and a decrease in trade receivables and accrued liabilities. Net cash provided by operating activities during the nine months ended May 31, 2015 was $36,221, which resulted principally from dividends received from NTIC’s joint ventures, NTIC’s net income, fees for services provided to NTIC’s joint ventures, stock-based compensation, depreciation and amortization, partially offset by NTIC’s equity in income from joint ventures and increases in receivables, inventories, accrued liabilities and prepaid expenses.

 

26
 

NTIC’s cash flows from operations are impacted by significant changes in certain components of NTIC’s working capital, including inventory turnover and changes in receivables. NTIC considers internal and external factors when assessing the use of its available working capital, specifically when determining inventory levels and credit terms of customers. Key internal factors include existing inventory levels, stock reorder points, customer forecasts and customer requested payment terms, and key external factors include the availability of primary raw materials and sub-contractor production lead times. NTIC’s typical contractual terms for trade receivables excluding joint ventures are traditionally 30 days and for trade receivables from its joint ventures are 90 days. Before extending unsecured credit to customers, excluding NTIC’s joint ventures, NTIC reviews customers’ credit histories and will establish an allowance for uncollectible accounts based upon factors surrounding the credit risk of specific customers and other information. Accounts receivable over 30 days are considered past due for most customers. NTIC does not accrue interest on past due accounts receivable. If accounts receivables in excess of the provided allowance are determined uncollectible, they are charged to selling expense in the period that determination is made. Accounts receivable are deemed uncollectible based on NTIC exhausting reasonable efforts to collect. NTIC’s typical contractual terms for receivables for services provided to its joint ventures are 90 days. NTIC records receivables for services provided to its joint ventures on an accrual basis, unless circumstances exist that make the collection of the balance uncertain in which case the fee income will be recorded on a cash basis until there is consistency in payments. This determination is handled on a case by case basis.

 

NTIC experienced an increase in receivables and a decrease in inventory as of May 31, 2016 compared to August 31, 2015 due to the increase in net sales and a desire to stock more products to shorten lead times and anticipate customer demand. Trade receivables excluding joint ventures as of May 31, 2016 increased $570,647 compared to August 31, 2015, primarily related to the increase in NTIC’s net sales. Outstanding trade receivables excluding joint ventures balances as of May 31, 2016 increased 56 days to an average of 106 days from balances outstanding from these customers as of August 31, 2015. Outstanding trade receivables from joint ventures as of May 31, 2016 increased $73,522 compared to August 31, 2015 primarily due to the timing of payments. There was an increase of outstanding balances from trade receivables from joint ventures as of May 31, 2016 of an average of 80 days from an average of 93 days from balances outstanding from these customers compared to August 31, 2015. The significant average days outstanding of trade receivables from joint ventures as of May 31, 2016 were primarily due to the receivable balance at NTIC’s joint venture in in South Korea and Tianjin Zerust. Because of the lack of financial and other information received from Tianjin Zerust, it is possible that if and when financial and other information is received from Tianjin Zerust that NTIC may need to recognize an impairment charge on its receivable from Tianjin Zerust. NTIC estimates that its maximum exposure in terms of an impairment charge on this receivable would be approximately $114,000.

 

Outstanding receivables for services provided to joint ventures as of May 31, 2016 decreased $97,569 compared to August 31, 2015, which resulted in a decrease of 79 days of fees receivable outstanding as of May 31, 2016 to an average of 183 days compared to August 31, 2015.

 

Net cash used in investing activities for the nine months ended May 31, 2016 was $794,668, which was primarily the result of additions to property and equipment, cash used in the purchase of available for sale securities, and additions to patents. Net cash provided by investing activities for the nine months ended May 31, 2015 was $1,755,098, which was primarily the result of cash proceeds from the sale of available for sale securities, partially offset by additions to property and equipment and additions to patents.

 

Net cash used in financing activities for the nine months ended May 31, 2016 was $228,817, which resulted from a dividend paid to a non-controlling interest and the repurchase of common stock, and offset by proceeds from NTIC’s employee stock purchase plan. Net cash used in financing activities for the nine months ended May 31, 2015 was $402,570, which resulted from a dividend paid to a non-controlling interest, and offset by proceeds from stock option exercises and NTIC’s employee stock purchase plan.

 

Stock Repurchase Program . On January 15, 2015, NTIC’s Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to $3,000,000 in shares of NTIC common stock through open market purchases or unsolicited or solicited privately negotiated transactions. This program has no expiration date but may be terminated by NTIC’s Board of Directors at any time. During the nine months ended May 31, 2016, NTIC repurchased an aggregate of 7,511 shares for an aggregate purchase price of $97,400. As of May 31, 2016, up to $2,878,197 in shares of NTIC common stock remained available for repurchase under NTIC’s stock repurchase program.

 

27
 

Capital Expenditures and Commitments . NTIC spent $490,483 on capital expenditures during the nine months ended May 31, 2016 and expects to spend an aggregate of approximately $100,000 to $150,000 on capital expenditures during the remainder of fiscal 2016. Anticipated capital expenditures for fiscal 2016 relate primarily to the purchase of new equipment.

 

Contractual Obligations

 

There has been no material change to NTIC’s contractual obligations as provided in “ Part II. Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Contractual Obligations ,” included in NTIC’s annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended August 31, 2015.

 

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

 

NTIC does not have any relationships with unconsolidated entities or financial partnerships, such as entities often referred to as structured finance or special purpose entities, which would have been established for the purpose of facilitating off-balance sheet financial arrangements. As such, NTIC is not materially exposed to any financing, liquidity, market or credit risk that could arise if NTIC had engaged in such arrangements.

 

Inflation and Seasonality

 

Inflation in the United States and abroad historically has had little effect on NTIC. NTIC’s business has not historically been seasonal.

 

Market Risk

 

NTIC is exposed to some market risk stemming from changes in foreign currency exchange rates, commodity prices and interest rates.

 

Because the functional currency of NTIC’s foreign operations and investments in its foreign joint ventures is the applicable local currency, NTIC is exposed to foreign currency exchange rate risk arising from transactions in the normal course of business. NTIC’s principal exchange rate exposure is with the Euro, the Japanese yen, Indian Rupee, Chinese Renminbi, Korean won and the English pound against the U.S. dollar. NTIC’s fees for services provided to joint ventures and dividend distributions from these foreign entities are paid in foreign currencies and thus fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates could result in declines in NTIC’s reported net income. Since NTIC’s investments in its joint ventures are accounted for using the equity method, any changes in foreign currency exchange rates would be reflected as a foreign currency translation adjustment and would not change NTIC’s equity in income of joint ventures reflected in its consolidated statements of income. NTIC does not hedge against its foreign currency exchange rate risk.

 

Some raw materials used in NTIC’s products are exposed to commodity price changes. The primary commodity price exposures are with a variety of plastic resins.

 

At the option of NTIC, outstanding advances under NTIC’s $3,000,000 revolving line of credit with PNC Bank bear interest at either (a) an annual rate based on LIBOR plus 2.15% for the applicable LIBOR interest period selected by NTIC or (b) at the rate publicly announced by PNC Bank from time to time as its prime rate, and thus may subject NTIC to some market risk on interest rates. As of May 31, 2016, NTIC had no borrowings under the line of credit.

 

Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates

 

28
 

There have been no material changes to NTIC’s critical accounting policies and estimates from the information provided in “ Part II. Item 7, Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations—Critical Accounting Policies ”, included in NTIC’s annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended August 31, 2015.

 

Recent Accounting Pronouncements

 

See Note 2 to NTIC’s consolidated financial statements for a discussion of recent accounting pronouncements.

 

Forward-Looking Statements

 

This quarterly report on Form 10-Q contains not only historical information, but also forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and are subject to the safe harbor created by those sections. In addition, NTIC or others on NTIC’s behalf may make forward-looking statements from time to time in oral presentations, including telephone conferences and/or web casts open to the public, in press releases or reports, on NTIC’s Internet web site or otherwise. All statements other than statements of historical facts included in this report or expressed by NTIC orally from time to time that address activities, events or developments that NTIC expects, believes or anticipates will or may occur in the future are forward-looking statements including, in particular, the statements about NTIC’s plans, objectives, strategies and prospects regarding, among other things, NTIC’s financial condition, results of operations and business, the outcome of contingencies such as legal proceedings and the effect of the liquidation of Tianjin Zerust and the establishment of NTIC China. NTIC has identified some of these forward-looking statements in this report with words like “believe,” “may,” “could,” “would,” “might,” “forecast,” “possible,” “potential,” “project,” “will,” “should,” “expect,” “intend,” “plan,” “predict,” “anticipate,” “estimate,” “approximate,” “outlook” or “continue” or the negative of these words or other words and terms of similar meaning. The use of future dates is also an indication of a forward-looking statement. Forward-looking statements may be contained in the notes to NTIC’s consolidated financial statements and elsewhere in this report, including under the heading “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations.”

 

Forward-looking statements are based on current expectations about future events affecting NTIC and are subject to uncertainties and factors that affect all businesses operating in a global market as well as matters specific to NTIC. These uncertainties and factors are difficult to predict and many of them are beyond NTIC’s control. The following are some of the uncertainties and factors known to us that could cause NTIC’s actual results to differ materially from what NTIC has anticipated in its forward-looking statements:

 

· NTIC’s operations in China, the termination of the joint venture agreements with Tianjin Zerust, the pending litigation against Mr. Tao Meng and Cortec Corporation and the anticipated liquidation of Tianjin Zerust and the effect on NTIC’s business and future operating results, including possible future impairment charges on NTIC’s investment in Tianjin Zerust and a receivable from Tianjin Zerust;
     
· The effect of current worldwide economic conditions, the European sovereign debt crisis and turmoil and disruption in the global credit and financial markets on NTIC’s business;
     
· The effect of the recent referendum vote of the United Kingdom to exit the European Union on NTIC’s operating results, including in particular future net sales of NTIC’s European and other joint ventures;
     
· The variability in NTIC’s sales of ZERUST® products and services into oil and gas industry and Natur-Tec ® products and NTIC’s equity income of joint ventures, which variability in sales and equity in income of joint venture in turn, subject NTIC’s earnings to quarterly fluctuations;
     
· Risks associated with NTIC’s international operations and exposure to fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates and import duties and taxes;
     
29
 
     
· The health of the U.S. automotive industry on NTIC’s business;
     
· NTIC’s dependence on the success of its joint ventures and fees and dividend distributions that NTIC receives from them;
     
· NTIC’s relationships with its joint ventures and its ability to maintain those relationships, especially in light of anticipated succession planning issues;
     
· NTIC’s dependence upon sales by Zerust Brazil to Petroleo Brasileiro S.A. (Petrobras), an oil company located in Brazil, and the effect of such sales on NTIC’s quarterly operating results, including in particular its net sales and margins;
     
· Fluctuations in the cost and availability of raw materials, including resins and other commodities;
     
· The success of and risks associated with NTIC’s emerging new businesses and products and services, including in particular NTIC’s ability and the ability of NTIC’s joint ventures to sell ZERUST® products and services into oil and gas industry and Natur-Tec ® products and the often lengthy and extensive sales process involved in selling such products and services;
     
· NTIC’s ability to introduce new products and services that respond to changing market conditions and customer demand;
     
· Market acceptance of NTIC’s existing and new products, especially in light of existing and new competitive products;
     
· Maturation of certain existing markets for NTIC’s ZERUST ® products and services and NTIC’s ability to grow market share and succeed in penetrating other existing and new markets;
     
· Increased competition, especially with respect to NTIC’s ZERUST ® products and services, and the effect of such competition on NTIC’s and its joint ventures’ pricing, net sales and margins;
     
· NTIC’s reliance upon and its relationships with its distributors, independent sales representatives and joint ventures;
     
· NTIC’s reliance upon suppliers;
     
· Oil prices, which may affect sales of NTIC’s ZERUST ® products and services into the oil and gas industry;
     
· The costs and effects of complying with laws and regulations and changes in tax, fiscal, government and other regulatory policies, including rules relating to environmental, health and safety matters;
     
· Unforeseen product quality or other problems in the development, production and usage of new and existing products;
     
· Unforeseen production expenses incurred in connection with new customers and new products;
     
· Loss of or changes in executive management or key employees;
     
· Ability of management to manage around unplanned events;
     
· Pending and future litigation;
     
30
 
     
· NTIC’s reliance on its intellectual property rights and the absence of infringement of the intellectual property rights of others;
     
· NTIC’s ability to maintain effective internal control over financial reporting, especially in light of its accelerated filer status and its joint venture arrangements;
     
· Changes in applicable laws or regulations and NTIC’s failure to comply with applicable laws, rules and regulations;
     
· Changes in generally accepted accounting principles and the effect of new accounting pronouncements;
     
· Fluctuations in NTIC’s effective tax rate; and
     
· NTIC’s reliance upon its management information systems.

 

For more information regarding these and other uncertainties and factors that could cause NTIC’s actual results to differ materially from what NTIC has anticipated in its forward-looking statements or otherwise could materially adversely affect its business, financial condition or operating results, see NTIC’s annual report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended August 31, 2015 under the heading “ Part I. Item 1A. Risk Factors .”

 

All forward-looking statements included in this report are expressly qualified in their entirety by the foregoing cautionary statements. NTIC wishes to caution readers not to place undue reliance on any forward-looking statement that speaks only as of the date made and to recognize that forward-looking statements are predictions of future results, which may not occur as anticipated. Actual results could differ materially from those anticipated in the forward-looking statements and from historical results, due to the uncertainties and factors described above, as well as others that NTIC may consider immaterial or does not anticipate at this time. Although NTIC believes that the expectations reflected in its forward-looking statements are reasonable, NTIC does not know whether its expectations will prove correct. NTIC’s expectations reflected in its forward-looking statements could be affected by inaccurate assumptions NTIC might make or by known or unknown uncertainties and factors, including those described above. The risks and uncertainties described above are not exclusive and further information concerning NTIC and its business, including factors that potentially could materially affect its financial results or condition, may emerge from time to time. NTIC assumes no obligation to update, amend or clarify forward-looking statements to reflect actual results or changes in factors or assumptions affecting such forward-looking statements. NTIC advises you, however, to consult any further disclosures NTIC makes on related subjects in its annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K NTIC files with or furnishes to the Securities and Exchange Commission.

 

ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

 

NTIC is exposed to some market risk stemming from changes in foreign currency exchange rates, commodity prices and interest rates.

 

Because the functional currency of NTIC’s foreign operations and investments in its foreign joint ventures is the applicable local currency, NTIC is exposed to foreign currency exchange rate risk arising from transactions in the normal course of business. NTIC’s principal exchange rate exposure is with the Euro, the Japanese yen, Indian Rupee, Chinese Renminbi, Korean won and the English pound against the U.S. dollar. NTIC’s fees for services provided to joint ventures and dividend distributions from these foreign entities are paid in foreign currencies and thus fluctuations in foreign currency exchange rates could result in declines in NTIC’s reported net income. Since NTIC’s investments in its joint ventures are accounted for using the equity method, any changes in foreign currency exchange rates would be reflected as a foreign currency translation adjustment and would not change NTIC’s equity in income of joint ventures reflected in its consolidated statements of income. NTIC does not hedge against its foreign currency exchange rate risk.

 

31
 

Some raw materials used in NTIC’s products are exposed to commodity price changes. The primary commodity price exposures are with a variety of plastic resins.

 

At the option of NTIC, outstanding advances under NTIC’s $3,000,000 revolving line of credit with PNC Bank bear interest at either (a) an annual rate based on LIBOR plus 2.15% for the applicable LIBOR interest period selected by NTIC or (b) at the rate publicly announced by PNC Bank from time to time as its prime rate, and thus may subject NTIC to some market risk on interest rates. As of May 31, 2016, NTIC had no borrowings under the line of credit.

 

ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

 

Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

 

NTIC maintains disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended) that are designed to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed by NTIC in the reports it files or submits under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s rules and forms and that such information is accumulated and communicated to NTIC’s management, including NTIC’s principal executive officer and principal financial officer, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. NTIC’s management evaluated, with the participation of its Chief Executive Officer and its Chief Financial Officer, the effectiveness of the design and operation of NTIC’s disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered in this report. Based on that evaluation, NTIC’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that NTIC’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of the end of such period to provide reasonable assurance that information required to be disclosed in the reports that NTIC files or submits under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to NTIC’s management, including NTIC’s Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.

 

Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

 

There was no change in NTIC’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the quarter ended May 31, 2016 that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect NTIC’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

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PART II OTHER INFORMATION

 

ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

 

On March 23, 2015, NTIC and NTI Asean LLC, a majority-owned subsidiary of NTIC, filed a lawsuit in Tianjin No 1 Intermediate People’s Court against two individuals, Meng Tao and Xu Hui, related to breaches of duties and contractual commitments owed to NTI Asean under certain agreements related to NTIC’s former joint venture in China, Tianjin Zerust Anti-Corrosion Technologies Ltd. The lawsuit alleges, among other things, that Mr. Meng Tao and Xu Hui have engaged in self-dealing, usurped business opportunities, and received economic benefits that were required to go to Tianjin Zerust. At this point it is too early in the lawsuit to reasonably estimate the amount of any recovery to NTI Asean.

On April 21, 2015, NTIC and NTI Asean initiated a lawsuit in the District Court for the Second Judicial District, County of Ramsey, State of Minnesota against Cortec Corporation alleging, among other things, that Cortec Corporation aided and abetted breaches of duties and contractual commitments owed to the Company and NTI Asean related to NTIC’s joint venture in China, Tianjin Zerust. On November 4, 2015, NTIC and NTI Asean were permitted to file an amended complaint adding new counts, including, but not limited to, one for breach of contract, arising out of Cortec’s breach of a 2005 Settlement Agreement and Consent Order. The case was subsequently assigned to the complex civil jury trial calendar, extending deadlines for discovery and trial. The current discovery deadline is September 23, 2016 and the trial will be scheduled during the March 27-April 14, 2017 jury trial block in Ramsey County. The parties attended a court ordered mediation on September 24, 2015 which did not result in a settlement. A second mediation deadline of August 12, 2016 was set by the court in the amended scheduling order.

 

In addition, from time to time we are involved in routine litigation that arises in the ordinary course of our business.

 

From time to time, we are subject to various pending or threatened legal actions and proceedings, including those that arise in the ordinary course of our business, which may include employment matters and breach of contract disputes. Such matters are subject to many uncertainties and to outcomes that are not predictable with assurance and that may not be known for extended periods of time. In the opinion of management, the outcome of such routine pending litigation is not expected to have a material adverse effect on our results of operations or financial condition.

 

ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS

 

This Item 1A is inapplicable to NTIC as a smaller reporting company.

 

ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS

 

Recent Sales of Unregistered Equity Securities

 

During the three months ended May 31, 2016, NTIC did not issue any shares of its common stock or other equity securities of NTIC that were not registered under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended.

 

33
 

Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities

 

The following table shows NTIC’s stock repurchase activity during the three months ended May 31, 2016.

 

Period

Total
Number of
Shares

(or Units)
Purchased

Average Price
Paid Per Share
(or Unit)

Total Number of
Shares (or Units)
Purchased As
Part of Publicly
Announced
Plans or
Programs
Maximum
Number of
Shares (or Units)
that May Yet Be
Purchased Under
the Plans or
Programs
March 1, 2016 through March 31, 2016 0 N/A 0 (1)

April 1, 2016 through April 30, 2016

0 N/A 0 (1)

May 1, 2016 through May 31, 2016

2,050 $13.12 2,050 (1)(2)
Total 2,050 $13.12 2,050 (1)(2)

 

(1) On January 15, 2015, NTIC’s Board of Directors authorized the repurchase of up to $3,000,000 in shares of NTIC common stock through open market purchases or unsolicited or solicited privately negotiated transactions. This program has no expiration date but may be terminated by NTIC’s Board of Directors at any time.

 

(2) As of May 31, 2016, up to $2,878,197 in shares of NTIC common stock remained available for repurchase under NTIC’s stock repurchase program.

 

ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES

 

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 4. MINE SAFETY DISCLOSURES

 

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION

 

Not applicable.

 

ITEM 6. EXHIBITS

 

The following exhibits are being filed or furnished with this quarterly report on Form 10-Q:

 

Exhibit No.   Description
31.1   Certification of Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to Exchange Act Rules 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a), as Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (filed herewith)
31.2   Certification of Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to Exchange Act Rules 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a), as Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (filed herewith)
32.1   Certification of Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (furnished herewith)
32.2   Certification of Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (furnished herewith)
101   The following materials from NTIC’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended May 31, 2016, formatted in XBRL (Extensible Business Reporting Language): (i) the unaudited Consolidated Balance Sheets, (ii) the unaudited Consolidated Statements of Operations, (iii) the unaudited Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income, (iv) the unaudited Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, and (v) Notes to Condensed Financial Statements (filed herewith)

 

 

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SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.

 

 

    NORTHERN TECHNOLOGIES INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION
   
   
Date: July 11, 2016   Matthew C. Wolsfeld, CPA
    Chief Financial Officer
    (Principal Financial and Accounting Officer and
    Duly Authorized to Sign on Behalf of the Registrant)
     

 

 

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NORTHERN TECHNOLOGIES INTERNATIONAL CORPORATION
QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q

 

EXHIBIT INDEX

 

Exhibit No.

Description

Method of Filing

31.1 Certification of Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to Exchange Act Rules 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a), as Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 Filed herewith
31.2 Certification of Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to Exchange Act Rules 13a-14(a)/15d-14(a), as Adopted Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 Filed herewith
32.1 Certification of Chief Executive Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 Furnished herewith
32.2 Certification of Chief Financial Officer Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as Adopted Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 Furnished herewith
101 The following materials from Northern Technologies International Corporation’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended May 31, 2016, formatted in XBRL (Extensible Business Reporting Language): (i) the unaudited Consolidated Balance Sheets, (ii) the unaudited Consolidated Statements of Operations, (iii) the unaudited Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income, (iv) the unaudited Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows, and (v) Notes to Condensed Financial Statements Filed herewith

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

36

 

Exhibit 31.1

 

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO SECTION 302(a) OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

I, G. Patrick Lynch, certify that:

 

1. I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Northern Technologies International Corporation;
     
2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
     
3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
     
4. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
     

(a)       Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

(b)       Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

(c)       Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

(d)       Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
     

(a)       All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

(b)       Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

 

Date: July 11, 2016    
    G. Patrick Lynch
    President and Chief Executive Officer
    (principal executive officer)
     

Exhibit 31.2

 

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO SECTION 302(a) OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

I, Matthew C. Wolsfeld, certify that:

 

1. I have reviewed this quarterly report on Form 10-Q of Northern Technologies International Corporation;
     
2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
     
3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
     
4. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
     

(a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

(b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

(c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

(d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and

 

5. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
     

(a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

(b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

 

 

Date: July 11, 2016    
    Matthew C. Wolsfeld, CPA
    Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Secretary
    (principal financial officer)
     

 

Exhibit 32.1

 

 

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350, AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

In connection with the Quarterly Report of Northern Technologies International Corporation (the “Company”) on Form 10-Q for the period ended May 31, 2016 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), I, G. Patrick Lynch, President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that, to the best of my knowledge and belief:

 

(1) The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and

 

(2) The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

 

____________________________

G. Patrick. Lynch

President and Chief Executive Officer

(principal executive officer)

 

 

Circle Pines, Minnesota

July 11, 2016

Exhibit 32.2

 

 

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350, AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

 

In connection with the Quarterly Report of Northern Technologies International Corporation (the “Company”) on Form 10-Q for the period ended May 31, 2016 as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), I, Matthew C. Wolsfeld, Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Secretary of the Company, certify, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that, to the best of my knowledge and belief:

 

(1) The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and

 

(2) The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

 

____________________________

Matthew C. Wolsfeld, CPA

Chief Financial Officer and Corporate Secretary
(principal financial officer and principal accounting
officer)

 
   

 

Circle Pines, Minnesota

July 11, 2016